The Ancient Scribe

Examining ancient culture's status in the modern era

Roman-Era Mummy Uncovered in Egypt Oasis

Posted By on June 1, 2010

Most of us dealing in history and archeology feel the excitement of finding out new things about the past. One such discovery is the mummy, unearthed in the Oasis of Egypt’s Bahariya. This mummy has emerged with its ornaments and exclusive Roman attires to specify its origin. This mummy was enveloped in a well ornamented sarcophagus or coffin made of gypsum. This mummy is 38 inches tall, and archeologists have assumed that probably this mummy belongs to a woman or a girl during the Greco-Roman era approximately 2,300 years ago.

The archeologists found this mummy enclosed in a rock-hewn grave from a modern site of construction near the Bawiti town in Bahariya Oasis. This site is located approximately 185 miles to the southwest of Cairo. According to the director of Cairo and Giza antiquities, Mahmoud Afifi, this mummy gives us hints about the presence of a huge necropolis belonging to the Greco-Roman era. My friend Neil, updated me by stating that, in fact, the archeologists of Egypt, unearthed at least 14 Graeco-Roman graves at the same site, and these graves dated back to almost 3rd c. B.C.

Neil was equally excited to share that the archeologists also came across apparently 4 anthropoid masks. Plaster is used for construction of these masks and the collection also includes coins and vessels made of glass and clay. These vessels come in different shapes and sizes. There is also a gold sheet featuring the names of the 4 sons of Horus, the ancient Egyptian God of the sky. The names on the gold sheet are Duamutef, Hapi, Imsety and Qebehsenuef. As per Afifi’s observations, these tombs feature an exclusive and special design for the interiors.

They have a long stairway that leads to the corridor that finally leads to a hall. The corners of the hall feature rectangular structures on many Egyptian tombs. These rectangular structures are known as mastabas, which were put into use to burn down the dead. The Bahariya Oasis, near Bawiti city, is set against the backdrop of a depression casing more than 1,250 sq miles in the Western Desert of Egypt. This oasis consists of colonies of palm trees with black hills and hot springs. Contrarily, there are no pyramids, tombs or even mausoleums.

Yet in 1996, Dr. Zahi Hawass revealed the presence of at least 17 tombs with 254 mummies wearing golden masks over here. Known as the Valley of the Golden Mummies, this site is now the principal prehistoric Egyptian cemetery that was ever discovered holding more than 10,000 mummies that were buried 2,000 years back. I still feel that this is some more mystery here, to which there is no answer… yet.


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